What is Artificial Intelligence ?


What is Artificial Intelligence? Can Every one make it?

Although AI is one among the most recent fields of intellectual research, its foundations began thousands of years ago. In studying AI , it's useful to possess an understanding of the background of variety of other subjects, primarily philosophy, linguistics,psychology,and biology.


Perhaps a far better start line would be to ask, “What is intelligence?” This is a complex question with no well-defined answer that has puzzled biologists, psychologists, and philosophers for hundreds of years . 

One could certainly define intelligence by the properties it exhibits: a capability to affect new situations; the power to unravel problems, to answer questions, to plan plans, and so on. it's perhaps harder to define the difference between the intelligence exhibited by humans which exhibited by dolphins or apes.

 what's Artificial Intelligence?

A simple definition could be as follows:

Artificial intelligence is that the study of systems that act during a way that to any
observer would seem to be intelligent. This definition is ok , but actually it doesn't cover the entire of Artificial Intelligence. In many cases, AI techniques are used to solve relatively simple problems or complex problems that are internal to more complex systems. a robot with the power to seek out its answer of a maze, but are frequently used for far more prosaic problems.This may cause another definition of AI , as follows: AI involves using methods supported the intelligent behavior of humans and other animals to unravel complex problems. 

we look at systems that are ready to “understand” human speech, or a minimum of are ready to extract some meaning from human utterances, and perform actions supported those utterances. Such systems might not be designed to behave in an intelligent way, but simply to supply  some useful function. The methods they use, however, are supported the
intelligent behavior of humans.This distinction is brought into sharper contrast once we check out the difference between so-called strong AI and weak AI.


The followers of strong AI believe that by giving a computer virus sufficient processing power, and by providing it with enough intelligence, one can create a computer which will literally think and is conscious within the same way that a person's is conscious.Many philosophers and AI researchers consider this view to be false, and even ludicrous. the likelihood of making a robot with emotions and real consciousness is one that's often explored within the realms of science fiction but is never considered to be a goal of AI .

Weak AI, in contrast, is just the view that intelligent behavior are often 
modeled and employed by computers to unravel complex problems. now of view argues that simply because a computer behaves intelligently doesn't prove that it's actually intelligent within the way that a person's is.

Summary:

Intelligence is difficult to define, and as a result Artificial Intelligence is additionally hard to define.

1. One definition of AI is:
Artificial intelligence is that the study of systems that act during a way that toany observer would seem to be intelligent.

2. Proponents of strong AI believe that a computer that behaves in an
intelligent way is capable of possessing mental states and, there-
fore, of being truly conscious and intelligent within the same way that
humans are.


3. Weak AI may be a less controversial concept computers are often programmed to behave in intelligent ways so as to unravel specific problems. This book cares with the methods of weak AI.


4.Weak and powerful AI aren't to be confused with weak and strong methods.


5.Weak methods are people who don't believe any knowledge or understanding of the planet and therefore the problems being solved. Most of the techniques described during this book are weak methods.


6. Strong methods are people who use knowledge about the planet and about the matter being solved. The strong method approach is essential for solving many complex world problems using Artificial Intelligence.


7. In studying AI , it's extremely useful to know  the background of philosophy, linguistics, biology, and psychology.


8. Philosophers, from Plato and Aristotle to Searle and Dennett, have asked questions and provided opinions concerning the character of intelligence and therefore the ability to define it during a way that might enable us to program a computer with real intelligence.


9.The 1950s were a time of great optimism in AI and also a time of great progress within the field.


10. Turing’s test may be a thanks to determine if a computer is actually intelligent, by seeing if it could fool a person's in conversation into thinking that it too was human. it's widely believed today that albeit a computer could pass the Turing test, it might still not truly be conscious or intelligent within the way that humans are.


11. In 1956 the term AI was coined by John McCarthy.


12. Since the 1950s, the study of AI has been flavored with an excellent deal more realism. The progress in recent years has been phenomenal.

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